Desalitech’s Closed Circuit Desalination (CCD) technology is the next-generation RO. CCD systems are Built with standard RO equipment, the CCD process lowers the pressure requirement, improves membrane performance, increases operational flexibility and eliminates the need for energy recovery devices. Energy consumption can be reduced by 35% compared to best-available technology, and maximum water recovery can be achieved with a single stage of membrane elements, reducing footprint and capital costs by up to 20%. Proven in commercial plants operating continuously for over 2 years, the CCD process improves desalination and water treatment operations wherever RO is applied and at any scale.